- Your electrician's brother doesn't know your safety procedures. He doesn't know the on-site paramedic's number, he doesn't know how to operate a radio, he doesn't know where you keep your first-aid kit, he might not even know what an OSHA sticker means when he sees it on a container of flammable liquid. He may be a great guy, but that doesn't mean he has the proper training to manage the hazards inherent to a jobsite.
- Liability. If an outsider is hurt on your site, chances are that it's going to be a lot more complicated and a lot more expensive than if a worker, who knows the risks of the job, sustains an injury.
- Your reputation. It can be tough to get work in construction once word gets around that some teenager wandered onto your project and lost a toe while playing around with a belt sander.
Not such a big deal in a carpeted office, but seriously important in a kitchen setting, and literally life-saving on construction sites. You don't want people navigating scaffoldings in flip flops.
Ever see The Incredibles, where the superhero costume designer absolutely refuses to put anyone in a cape? Same principle.
The lunch break isn't just a chance to grab a bite to eat mid-day, it's there because you simply cannot be alert and safe working eight hours straight. If someone wants to pick up an extra hour, let them do so at the end of the day.
Sure, it's a pain in the neck to go grab your goggles every time you use the tablesaw, but even if you're lucky enough to avoid a serious eye injury, a piece of sawdust in your eyelash creates a momentary lapse of attention that can spiral into serious injury.
Some employers look the other way when it comes to drinking, as long as it's not technically "on the job," and their employees aren't getting totally loaded. But even a couple of beers, and even in a low-risk setting like an office or a restaurant, can become a catalyst for an accident. Something as simple as a paper shredder or a deep frier can become very dangerous in the hands of even a mildly intoxicated employee.
Immediate memory is sort of like playing the shell game, and trying to remember which cup initially held the rubber ball. Here, your memories are, if not quite perfect, not embellished, not filtered through guesswork or "I suppose what must have happened next was..." thinking. This is the type of memory that is engaged when you're right in the middle of something, like fixing your morning coffee for instance, and remembering that you already put in one spoonful of sugar before you put in the second.
Short term memory could be defined as a thirty-minute span of time wherein a memory a memory is still fresh, but fading.
We recall long term memories after a day or a few weeks or even a decade. Long term memories involve some detective work. When you look at a brick wall, you're not seeing every brick, you're seeing maybe five or six of them, and your brain is telling you "I don't have time to look at all of these, but we can safely assume that there are hundreds of bricks here, so just take my word for it." Long term memory works a little like that. Your brain fills in the gaps in order to make sense of the story.
- According to OSHA, fall protection standards violations were the most common violations found in 2014 during state and federal inspections. Related to this, scaffolding violations come in at number three.
- Second on that list: poor hazard communication. Making sure that people are aware of hazards will allow them to better manage those hazards.
- The construction industry accounts for around one in five workplace deaths, with falls contributing to 302 out of 828 construction site deaths in 2013.
- Other leading factors in the "fatal four" are being struck my an object, at 10.1%, electrocutions at 8.6%, and caught-in/between at 2.5%. It's estimated that better managing these risks could save nearly 500 lives a year.