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Safety And Hazard Inspection Survey

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SAFETY AND HAZARD INSPECTION SURVEY

(This article contains material that may be of interest to your customers. Use it to distribute as a value-added item, or to inform risk-management consultants.)

SAFETY INSPECTIONS

This checklist was designed to assist you in inspecting your workplace for safety.

SAFETY AND HAZARD INSPECTION SUMMARY

Date:

Date of Next Inspection:

[ ] 1. Employer Postings and Record Keeping

[ ] 2. Workplace Safety and Hazard Communication Program

[ ] 3. Fire Protection and Emergency Response

[ ] 4. General Environment, Walkways, and Stairways

[ ] 5. Medical Service/First Aid and Protective Equipment

[ ] 6. Hazardous Material Exposure

[ ] 7. Hazardous Material Handling

[ ] 8. Flammable Materials

[ ] 9. Miscellaneous Items

Print your remarks here:

 

Signature verifying Manager's approval

 

Approval date

 

EMPLOYER POSTINGS

Delete any items that do not apply to your workplace.

[ ] Federal Minimum Wage

[ ] Federal Job Safety Protection

[ ] Federal Polygraph

[ ] Federal Equal Employment Opportunity

[ ] Federal Americans with Disability Act

[ ] State Minimum Wage

[ ] State Discrimination in Employment

[ ] State Payday Notice

[ ] Access to Medical Exposure Records

[ ] Drug-Free Workplace

[ ] Hazard Communication

[ ] Workplace Safety

[ ] Workers' Compensation and Fraudulent Claims

[ ] Unemployment and Disability Insurance

[ ] Code of Safe Practices and General Safety Rules

[ ] Emergency Action

[ ] Material Safety Data Sheets

[ ] Exit Signs and 'Not an Exit' signs

[ ] Room Capacities

[ ] Floor Loading

[ ] Operating Permits

[ ] Suggestion Box

RECORDKEEPING

[ ] Exposure and Medical Records

[ ] Carcinogen Use Reports

[ ] Exposure to Radiation and/or Biohazards

[ ] Exposure to Hazardous Substances

[ ] Summary of Injuries and Illnesses

[ ] Safety and Health Training

[ ] Safety Inspections

[ ] Corrective Actions

[ ] Safety Committee Meetings

WORKPLACE SAFETY AND HAZARD COMMUNICATION PROGRAM

(cross out any items that are not applicable)

WORKPLACE SAFETY

[ ] Written safety program

[ ] Hazard identification system

[ ] Corrective action system

[ ] Safety training system

[ ] Supervisor training

[ ] Employee motivation system

[ ] Emergency Response Plans

HAZARD COMMUNICATION

[ ] Is there a written hazard communication program?

[ ] Are there Hazardous Material Handling Procedures?

[ ] Is there a list of all hazardous substances used in the workplace?

[ ] Are all required Material Safety Data Sheets checked and available?

[ ] Is there a policy for labeling?

[ ] Is there employee training including:

1. MSDS explanation - what it is, how to use it, how to obtain one?

2. MSDS contents for each hazardous substance or class of substances?

3. Explanation of rights to know?

4. Identification of where written hazard communication program is available?

5. Physical and health hazards and specific protective measures to be used?

6. Details of hazardous communication program including how to use labeling system and MSDS?

[ ] Is each container for a hazardous substance (i.e. vats, bottles, storage tanks) labeled with product identity and a hazard warning (communication of the specific health hazards and physical hazards)?

[ ] Employee Hazardous Material Exposure Documentation

[ ] Flammable and Combustible Materials Procedures

[ ] Ventilation Procedures

FIRE PROTECTION AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE

Delete any conditions that do not apply to your workplace.

FIRE PROTECTION

[ ] Fire prevention plan

[ ] Control of hazards and ignition sources

[ ] Employee training

[ ] Fire department communication

[ ] Alarm system appropriate and tested regularly

[ ] Fire doors operating

[ ] Automatic sprinkler system maintained

[ ] Fire extinguishers accessible

[ ] Extinguishers serviced

EMERGENCY RESPONSE

[ ] Earthquake Plan

[ ] Flood Plan

[ ] Other Natural Disaster

[ ] Evacuation Plan

[ ] Bomb Threat

[ ] Civil Unrest

[ ] Criminal Activities

[ ] Hazardous Material Leak or Spill

[ ] Environmental Hazard

[ ] Employee training: Initial Response Participation Follow-up

MEDICAL SERVICE/FIRST AID AND PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

Delete any conditions that do not apply to your business environment.

MEDICAL/FIRST AID

[ ] Local medical facilities

[ ] Employee qualified to render first aid

[ ] Health consultation available

[ ] Emergency phone numbers posted

[ ] First aid kits

[ ] First aid kit inspection and approval

[ ] Special measures such as emergency showers

[ ] Other

PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

[ ] Goggles or face shields

[ ] Gloves, aprons and shields

[ ] Hard hats

[ ] Foot protection

[ ] Emergency respirators

[ ] Eye wash facilities and showers

[ ] Noise protection

[ ] Protective clothing and equipment

[ ] Other

ENVIRONMENT

Remove any items that are not germane to your workplace.

GENERAL ENVIRONMENT

[ ] Clean worksites

[ ] Proper removal and storage of scrap, debris and waste

[ ] Combustible, metallic, and/or corrosive dust removal

[ ] Burners with prevent flow if pilots fail

[ ] Adequate sanitary toilets and washing facilities

[ ] Adequate illumination

[ ] Other

WALKWAYS

[ ] Aisles and passageways clear, free of obstructions

[ ] Appropriately marked 'Exit' and 'Not Exit'

[ ] Non-slip materials as needed

[ ] Holes and defects repaired promptly and properly

[ ] Clearance when motorized equipment is operating

[ ] Immediate clean up of spills

[ ] No sharp projections in walkways

[ ] Changes of direction and elevation marked

[ ] Adequate headroom

[ ] Standard guardrails, covers, grates, etc.

[ ] Bridges over conveyers and hazards

[ ] Glass and skylights appropriate

[ ] Openings provided with appropriate fire resistant doors or covers and self closing features as needed.

STAIRWAYS

[ ] Standard stair rails 30-34' high, 1.5' from wall, capable of withstanding 200 lbs.

[ ] Stairways 22' or more wide, 6'6' overhead clearance, 30-50 degree angle

[ ] Noise reduction as needed

[ ] Uniform risers

[ ] Adequate barriers and warnings where traffic areas impinge

EMPLOYEE HAZARDOUS MATERIAL EXPOSURE

Delete any items that do not apply to your workplace.

[ ] Are employees trained in the safe handling practices of hazardous chemicals such as acids, caustics, and the like?

[ ] Are employees aware of the potential hazards involving various chemicals stored or used in the workplace?

[ ] Is employee exposure to chemicals kept within acceptable levels?

[ ] Are eye wash fountains and safety showers provided in areas where corrosive chemicals are handled?

[ ] Are all containers such as vats and storage tanks labeled as to their contents - e.g. 'Caustics'?

[ ] Are all employees required to use personal protective clothing and equipment when handling chemicals?

[ ] Are flammable or toxic chemicals kept in closed containers when not in use?

[ ] Are chemical piping systems clearly marked as to their content?

[ ] Where corrosive liquids are frequently handled is adequate means readily available for neutralizing or disposing of spills or overflows properly and safely?

[ ] Have standard operating procedures been established and are they being followed when cleaning up chemical spills?

[ ] Are employees prohibited from eating in areas where hazardous chemicals are present?

[ ] Is personal protective equipment provided, used and maintained whenever necessary?

[ ] Are there written standard operating procedures for the selection and use of respirators where needed?

[ ] If you have a respirator protection program, are your employees instructed on the correct usage and limitations of the respirators?

[ ] Are they regularly inspected and cleaned, sanitized and maintained?

[ ] If hazardous substances are used in your processes, do you have a medical or biological monitoring system in operation?

[ ] Are you familiar with the Threshold Limit Values or Permissible Exposure Limits of airborne contaminants and physical agents used in your workplace?

[ ] Have control procedures been instituted for hazardous materials, where appropriate, such as respirators, ventilation systems, handling practices, and the like?

[ ] Whenever possible, are hazardous substances handled in properly designed and exhausted booths?

EMPLOYEE HAZARDOUS MATERIAL HANDLING

[ ] Are employees trained in the safe materials handling practices?

[ ] Are general dilution or local exhaust ventilation systems used to control dusts, vapors, gases, fumes, smoke, solvents or mists which may be generated?

[ ] Is ventilation equipment provided for removal of contaminants from such operations as production grinding, buffing, spray painting, and/or vapor degreasing, and is it operating properly?

[ ] Do employees complain about dizziness, headaches, nausea, irritation or other factors of discomfort when they use solvents or other chemicals?

[ ] Is there a dermatitis problem - do employees complain about skin dryness, irritation, or sensitization?

[ ] Have you considered the use of an industrial hygienist or environmental health specialist to evaluate your operation?

[ ] If internal combustion engines are used, is carbon monoxide kept within acceptable levels?

[ ] Is vacuuming used, rather than blowing or sweeping dusts, whenever possible for clean-up?

[ ] Are materials which give off toxic asphyxiant, suffocating or anesthetic fumes, stored in remote or isolated locations?

[ ] Is there safe clearance for equipment through aisles and doorways?

[ ] Are aisle ways designated, permanently marked, and kept clear to allow unhindered passage?

[ ] Are motorized vehicles and mechanized equipment inspected daily or prior to use?

[ ] Are vehicles shut off and brakes set prior to loading or unloading?

[ ] Are containers of combustibles or flammables, when stacked while being moved, always separated by dunnage sufficient to provide stability?

[ ] Are dock boards (bridge plates) used when loading or unloading operations are taking place between vehicles and docks?

[ ] Are trucks and trailers secured from movement during loading and unloading operations?

[ ] Are dock plates and loading ramps constructed and maintained with sufficient strength to support imposed loading?

[ ] Are hand trucks maintained in safe operating condition?

[ ] Are chutes equipped with sideboards of sufficient height to prevent the materials being handled from falling off?

[ ] Are chutes and gravity roller sections firmly placed or secured to prevent displacement?

[ ] At the delivery end of rollers or chutes, are provisions made to brake the movement of the handled materials?

[ ] Are pallets inspected before they are loaded or moved?

[ ] Are hooks with safety latches or other arrangements used when hoisting materials, so that slings or load attachments won't accidentally slip off the hoist hooks?

[ ] Are securing chains, ropes, chockers, or slings adequate for the job to be performed?

[ ] When hoisting material or equipment, are provisions made to assure that no one will be passing under the suspended loads?

FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS HANDLING

Delete any items that aren't related to your circumstances.

[ ] Are combustible scrap, debris and waste materials stored in covered metal receptacles and removed from the worksite promptly?

[ ] Is proper storage practiced to minimize risks of fire and spontaneous combustion?

[ ] Are approved containers used for the storage/handling of flammable and combustible liquids?

[ ] Are all connections on drums and combustible liquid piping, vapor and liquid tight?

[ ] Are all flammable liquids kept in closed containers when not in use?

[ ] Are bulk drums of flammable liquids grounded and bonded to containers during dispensing?

[ ] Do storage rooms for flammable and combustible liquids have explosion-proof lights and mechanical or gravity ventilation?

[ ] Is liquefied petroleum gas stored, handled and used in accordance with safe practices and standards?

[ ] Are liquefied petroleum storage tanks guarded to prevent damage from vehicles?

[ ] Are all solvent wastes and flammable liquids kept in fire-resistant, covered containers until they are removed?

[ ] Is vacuuming used whenever possible, rather than blowing or sweeping combustible dust?

[ ] Are fire separators placed between containers of combustibles or flammables, when stacked one upon another, to assure their support and stability?

[ ] Are fuel gas cylinders and oxygen cylinders separated by distance, fire resistant barriers or other means while in storage?

[ ] Are fire extinguishers selected and provided for the types of materials, in areas where they are to be used?

[ ] If a Halon 1301 fire extinguisher is used, can employees evacuate within the specified time for that extinguisher?

[ ] Are appropriate fire extinguishers mounted within 75 feet of outside areas containing flammable liquids, and within 10 feet of any inside storage area?

[ ] Is the transfer/withdrawal of flammable or combustible liquids performed by trained personnel?

[ ] Are fire extinguishers mounted so that employees do not have to travel more than 75 feet for a class 'A' fire or 50 feet for a class 'B' fire?

[ ] Are extinguishers free from obstructions or blockage?

[ ] Are all extinguishers fully charged and in their designated places?

[ ] Where sprinkler systems are permanently installed, are the nozzle heads directed or arranged so that water will not be sprayed into operating electrical switch boards and equipment?

[ ] Are 'NO SMOKING' signs posted and rules enforced in areas involving storage and use of flammable materials?

[ ] Are safety cans used for dispensing flammable/combustible liquids at a point of use?

[ ] Are all spills of flammable or combustible liquids cleaned up promptly?

[ ] Are storage tanks adequately vented and equipped with emergency venting that will relieve excessive internal pressure caused by fire exposure?

[ ] Are spare portable or butane tanks which are used by industrial trucks stored in accord with regulations?

Excerpted with permission from Safety Information Currents, volume IV, number 4, ISSN 1088-8101, which is published monthly by System Interface Consultants, Inc. (ISSN 1066-8101), 17440 Revello Drive, Pacific Palisades, CA 90272-4160. Edited by Bill Grieb.

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