Osha Handbook For Small Businesses, Part 3

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OSHA HANDBOOK FOR SMALL BUSINESSES

PART 3

 

WELDING, CUTTING AND BRAZING

[ ] Are only authorized and trained personnel permitted to use welding, cutting, or brazing equipment?

[ ] Does each operator have a copy of the appropriate operating instructions and are they directed to follow them?

[ ] Are compressed gas cylinders regularly examined for obvious signs of defects, deep rusting, or leakage?

[ ] Is care used in handling and storage of cylinders, safety valves, relief valves, etc., to prevent damage?

[ ] Are precautions taken to prevent the mixing of air or oxygen with flammable gases, except at a burner or in a standard torch?

[ ] Are only approved apparatuses (torches, regulators, pressure-reducing valves, acetylene generators, manifolds) used?

[ ] Are cylinders kept away from sources of heat?

[ ] Are the cylinders kept away from elevators, stairs, or gangways?

[ ] Is it prohibited to use cylinders as rollers or supports?

[ ] Are empty cylinders appropriately marked and their valves closed?

[ ] Are signs reading: DANGER-NO SMOKING, MATCHES, OR OPEN LIGHTS, or the equivalent, posted?

[ ] Are cylinders, cylinder valves, couplings, regulators, hoses, and apparatus kept free of oily or greasy substances?

[ ] Is care taken not to drop or strike cylinders?

[ ] Unless secured on special trucks, are regulators removed and valve-protection caps put in place before moving cylinders?

[ ] Do cylinders without fixed devices and wheels have keys, handles, or non-adjustable wrenches on stem valves when in service?

[ ] Are liquefied gases stored and shipped valve-end up with valve covers in place?

[ ] Are provisions made to never crack a fuel-gas cylinder valve near sources of ignition?

[ ] Before a regulator is removed, is the valve closed and gas released from the regulator?

[ ] Is red used to identify the acetylene (and other fuel-gas) hose, green for oxygen hose, and black for inert gas and air hose?

[ ] Are pressure-reducing regulators used only for the gas and pressures for which they are intended?

[ ] Is open circuit (No Load) voltage of arc welding and cutting machines as low as possible and not in excess of the recommended limits?

[ ] Under wet conditions, are automatic controls for reducing no-load voltage used?

[ ] Is grounding of the machine frame and safety ground connections of portable machines checked periodically?

[ ] Are electrodes removed from the holders when not in used?

[ ] Is it required that electric power to the welder be shut off when no one is in attendance?

[ ] Is suitable fire extinguishing equipment available for immediate use?

[ ] Is the welder forbidden to coil or loop welding electrode cable around his body?

[ ] Are wet machines thoroughly dried and tested before being used?

[ ] Are work and electrode lead cables frequently inspected for wear and damage, and replaced when needed?

[ ] Do means for connecting cable lengths have adequate insulation?

[ ] When the object to be welded cannot be moved and fire hazards cannot be removed, are shields used to confine heat, sparks, and slag?

[ ] Are fire watchers assigned when welding or cutting is performed in locations where a serious fire might develop?

[ ] Are combustible floors kept wet, covered by damp sand, or protected by fire-resistant shields?

[ ] When floors are wet down, are personnel protected from possible electrical shock?

[ ] When welding is done on metal walls, are precautions taken to protect combustibles on the other side?

[ ] Before hot work is begun, are used drums, barrels, tanks, and other containers so thoroughly cleaned that no substances remain that could explode, ignite, or produce toxic vapors?

[ ] Is it required that eye protection helmets, hand shields, and goggles meet appropriate standards?

[ ] Are employees exposed to the hazards created by welding, cutting, or brazing operations protected with personal protective equipment and clothing?

[ ] Is a check made for adequate ventilation in and where welding or cutting is performed?

[ ] When working in confined places, are environmental monitoring tests taken and means provided for quick removal of welders in case of an emergency?

COMPRESSORS AND COMPRESSED AIR

[ ] Are compressors equipped with pressure relief valves, and pressure gauges?

[ ] Are compressor air intakes installed and equipped so as to ensure that only clean uncontaminated air enters the compressor?

[ ] Are air filters installed on the compressor intake?

[ ] Are compressors operated and lubricated in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations?

[ ] Are safety devices on compressed air systems checked frequently?

[ ] Before any repair work is done on the pressure system of a compressor, is the pressure bled off and the system locked-out?

[ ] Are signs posted to warn of the automatic starting feature of the compressors?

[ ] Is the belt drive system totally enclosed to provide protection for the front, back, top, and sides?

[ ] Is it strictly prohibited to direct compressed air towards a person?

[ ] Are employees prohibited from using highly compressed air for cleaning purposes?

[ ] If compressed air is used for cleaning of clothing, is the pressure reduced to less than 10 psi?

[ ] When using compressed air for cleaning, do employees wear protective chip guarding and personal protective equipment?

[ ] Are safety chains or other suitable locking devices used at couplings of high pressure hose lines where a connection failure would create a hazard?

[ ] Before compressed air is used to empty containers of liquid is the safe working pressure of the container checked?

[ ] When compressed air is used with abrasive blast-cleaning equipment, is the operating valve a type that must be held open manually?

[ ] When compressed air is used to inflate auto ties, is a clip-on chuck and an in-line regulator preset to 40 psi required?

[ ] Is it prohibited to use compressed air to clean up or move combustible dust if such action could cause the dust to be suspended in the air and cause a fire or explosion hazard?

COMPRESSORS AIR RECEIVERS

[ ] Is every receiver equipped with a pressure gauge and with one or more automatic, spring-loaded safety valves?

[ ] Is the total relieving capacity of the safety valve capable of preventing pressure in the receiver from exceeding the maximum allowable working pressure of the receiver by more than 10 percent?

[ ] Is every air receiver provided with a drain pipe and valve at the lowest point for the removal of accumulated oil and water?

[ ] Are compressed air receivers periodically drained of moisture and oil?

[ ] Are all safety valves tested frequently and at regular intervals to determine whether they are in good operating condition?

[ ] Is there a current operating permit used by the Division of Occupational Safety and Health?

[ ] Is the inlet of air receivers and piping systems kept free of accumulated oil and carbonaceous materials?

COMPRESSED GAS CYLINDERS

[ ] Are cylinders with a water weight capacity over 30 pounds, equipped with means for connecting a valve protector device, or with a collar or recess to protect the valve?

[ ] Are cylinders legibly marked to clearly identify the gas contained?

[ ] Are compressed gas cylinders stored in areas which are protected from external health sources such as flame impingement, intense radiant heat, electric arcs, or high temperature lines?

[ ] Are cylinders located or stored in areas where they will be damaged by passing or falling objects or subjected to tampering by unauthorized persons?

[ ] Are cylinders stored or transported in a manner to prevent them from creating a hazard by tipping, falling, or rolling?

[ ] Are cylinders containing liquefied fuel gas, stored or transported in a position so that the safety relief device is always in direct contact with the vapor space in the cylinder?

[ ] Are valve protectors always placed on cylinders when the cylinders are not in use or connected for use?

[ ] Are all valves closed off before a cylinder is moved, when the cylinder is empty, and at the completion of each job?

[ ] Are low pressure fuel-gas cylinders checked periodically for corrosion, general distortion, cracks, or any other defect that might indicate a weakness or render it unfit for service?

[ ] Does the periodic check of low pressure fuel-gas cylinders include a close inspection of the cylinders' bottom?

HOIST AND AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT

[ ] Is each overhead electric hoist equipped with a limit device to stop the hook travel at its highest and lowest point of safe travel?

[ ] Will each hoist automatically stop and hold any load up to 125% of its rated load if its actuating force is removed?

[ ] Is the rated load of each hoist legibly marked and visible to the operator?

[ ] Are stops provided at the safe limits of travel for trolley hoist?

[ ] Are the controls of hoist plainly marked to indicate the direction of travel or motion?

[ ] Is each cage-controlled hoist equipped with an effective warning device?

[ ] Are close-fitting guards or other suitable devices installed on hoist to assure hoist ropes will be maintained in the sheave groves?

[ ] Are all hoist chains or ropes of sufficient length to handle the full range of movement of the application while still maintaining two full wraps on the drum at all times?

[ ] Are nip points or contact points between hoist ropes and sheaves which are permanently located within seven feet of the floor, ground or working platform, guarded?

[ ] Is it prohibited to use chains or rope slings that are kinked or twisted?

[ ] Is it prohibited to use the hoist rope or chain wrapped around the load as a substitute, for a sling?

[ ] Is the operator instructed to avoid carrying loads over people?

INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS-FORKLIFTS

[ ] Are only employees who have been trained in the proper use of hoists allowed to operate them?

[ ] Are only trained personnel allowed to operate industrial trucks?

[ ] Is substantial overhead protective equipment provided on high lift rider equipment?

[ ] Are the required lift truck operating rules posted and enforced?

[ ] Is directional lighting provided on each industrial truck that operates in an area with less than two foot candles per square foot of general lighting?

[ ] Does each industrial truck have a warning horn, whistle, gong, or other device which can be clearly heard above the normal noise in the areas where operated?

[ ] Are the brakes on each industrial truck capable of bringing the vehicle to a complete and safe stop when fully loaded?

[ ] Will the industrial trucks' parking brake effectively prevent the vehicle from moving when unattended?

[ ] Are industrial trucks operating in areas where flammable gases or vapors, or combustible dust or ignitable fibers may be present in the atmosphere, approved for such locations?

[ ] Are motorized hand and hand/rider trucks so designed that the brakes are applied, and power to the drive motor shuts off when the operator releases his or her grip on the device that controls the travel?

[ ] Are industrial trucks with internal combustion engine, operated in buildings or enclosed areas, carefully checked to ensure such operations do not cause harmful concentration of dangerous gases or fumes?

SPRAYING OPERATIONS

[ ] Is adequate ventilation assured before spray operations are started?

[ ] Is mechanical ventilation provided when spraying operations is done in enclosed areas?

[ ] When mechanical ventilation is provided during spraying operations, is it so arranged that it will not circulate the contaminated air?

[ ] Is the spray area free of hot surfaces?

[ ] Is the spray area at least 20 feet from flames, sparks, operating electrical motors, and other ignition sources?

[ ] Are portable lamps used to illuminate spray areas suitable for use in a hazardous locations?

[ ] Is approved respiratory equipment provided and used when appropriate during spraying operations?

[ ] Do solvents used for cleaning have a flash point to 100 degrees Fahrenheit or more?

[ ] Are fire control sprinkler heads kept clean?

[ ] Are "NO SMOKING" signs posted in spray areas, paint rooms, paint

[ ] Is the spray area kept clean of combustible residue?

[ ] Are spray booths constructed of metal, masonry, or other substantial noncombustible material?

[ ] Are spray booth floors and baffles noncombustible and easily cleaned?

[ ] Is infrared drying apparatus kept out of the spray area during spraying operations?

[ ] Is the spray booth completely ventilated before using the drying apparatus?

[ ] Is the electric drying apparatus properly grounded?

[ ] Are lighting fixtures for spray booths located outside of the booth and the interior lighted through sealed clear panels?

[ ] Are the electric motors for exhaust fans placed outside booths or ducts?

[ ] Are belts and pulleys inside the booth fully enclosed?

[ ] Do ducts have access doors to allow cleaning?

[ ] Do all drying spaces have adequate ventilation?

ENTERING CONFINED SPACES

[ ] Are confined spaces thoroughly emptied of any corrosive or hazardous substances, such as acids or caustics, before entry?

[ ] Are all lines to a confined space, containing inert, toxic, flammable, or corrosive materials valved off and blanked or disconnected, and separated before entry?

[ ] Is it required that all impellers, agitators, or other moving equipment inside confined spaces be locked-out if they present a hazard?

[ ] Is either natural or mechanical ventilation provided prior to confined space entry?

[ ] Are appropriate atmospheric tests performed to check for oxygen deficiency, toxic substances and explosive concentrations in the confined space before entry?

[ ] Is adequate illumination provided for the work to be performed in the confined space?

[ ] is the atmosphere inside the confined space frequently tested or continuously monitored during conduct of work?

[ ] Is there an assigned safety standby employee outside of the confined space, when required, whose sole responsibility is to watch the work in progress, sound an alarm if necessary, and render assistance?

[ ] Is the standby employee appropriately trained and equipped to handle an emergency?

[ ] Is the standby employee or other employees prohibited from entering the confined space without lifelines and respiratory equipment if there is any question as to the cause of an emergency?

[ ] Is approved respiratory equipment required if the atmosphere inside the confined space cannot be made acceptable?

[ ] Is all portable electrical equipment used inside confined spaces either grounded and insulated, or equipped with ground fault protection?

[ ] Before gas welding or burning is started in a confined space, are hoses checked for leaks, compressed gas bottles forbidden inside of the confined space, torches lightly only outside of the confined area and the confined area tested for an explosive atmosphere each time before a lighted torch is to be taken into the confined space?

[ ] If employees will be using oxygen-consuming equipment such as salamanders, torches, furnaces, etc., in a confined space, is sufficient air provided to assure combustion without reducing the oxygen concentration of the atmosphere below 19.5% by volume?

[ ] Whenever combustion-type equipment is used in a confined space, are provisions made to ensure the exhaust gases are vented outside of the enclosure?

[ ] Is each confined space checked for decaying vegetation or animal matter which may produce methane?

[ ] Is the confined space checked for possible industrial waste which could contain toxic properties?

[ ] If the confined space is below the ground and near areas where motor vehicles will be operating, is it possible for vehicle exhaust or carbon monoxide to enter the space?

ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROLS

[ ] Are all work areas properly illuminated?

[ ] Are employees instructed in proper first aid and other emergency procedures?

[ ] Are hazardous substances, blood, and other potentially infectious materials identified, which may cause harm by inhalation, ingestion, or skin absorption or contact?

[ ] Are employees aware of the hazards involved with the various chemicals they may be exposed to in their work environment, such as ammonia, chlorine, epoxies, caustics, etc.?

[ ] Is employee exposure to chemicals in the workplace kept within acceptable levels?

[ ] Can a less harmful method or procedure be used?

[ ] Is the work area's ventilation system appropriate for the work being performed?

[ ] Are spray painting operations done in spray rooms or booths equipped with an appropriate exhaust system?

[ ] Is employee exposure to welding fumes controlled by ventilation, use of respirators, exposure time, or other means?

[ ] Are welders and other workers nearby provided with flash shields during welding operations?

[ ] If forklifts and other vehicles are used in buildings or other enclosed areas, are the carbon monoxide levels kept below maximum acceptable concentration?

[ ] Has there been a determination that noise levels in the facilities are within acceptable levels?

[ ] Are steps being taken to use engineering controls to reduce excessive noise levels?

[ ] Are proper precautions being taken when handling asbestos and other fibrous materials?

[ ] Are caution labels and signs used to warn of hazardous substances (e.g., asbestos) and biohazards (e.g., bloodborne pathogens).

[ ] Are wet methods used, when practicable, to prevent the emission of airborne asbestos fibers, silica dust and similar hazardous materials?

[ ] Are engineering controls examined and maintained or replaced on a scheduled basis?

[ ] Is vacuuming with appropriate equipment used whenever possible rather than blowing or sweeping dust?

[ ] Are grinders, saws, and other machines that produce respirable dusts vented to an industrial collector or central exhaust system?

[ ] Are all local exhaust ventilation systems designed and operating properly such as air flow and volume necessary for the application, ducts not plugged or belts slipping?

[ ] Is personal protective equipment provided, used and maintained wherever required?

[ ] Are there written standard operating procedures for the selection and use of respirators where needed?

[ ] Are restrooms and washrooms kept clean and sanitary?

[ ] Is all water provided for drinking, washing, and cooking potable?

[ ] Are all outlets for water not suitable for drinking clearly identified?

[ ] Are employees' physical capacities assessed before being assigned to jobs requiring heavy work?

[ ] Are employees instructed in the proper manner of lifting heavy objects?

[ ] Where heat is a problem, have all fixed work areas been provided with spot cooling or air conditioning?

[ ] Are employees screened before assignment to areas of high heat to determine if their health condition might make them more susceptible to having an adverse reaction?

[ ] Are employees working on streets and roadways where they are exposed to the hazards of traffic, required to wear bright colored (traffic orange) warning vests?

[ ] Are exhaust stacks and air intakes so located that contaminated air will not be recirculated within a building or other enclosed area?

[ ] Is equipment producing ultra-violet radiation properly shielded?

[ ] Are universal precautions observed where occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials can occur and in all instances where differentiation of types of body fluids or potentially infectious materials is difficult or impossible?

FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS

[ ] Are combustible scrap, debris and waste materials (oily rags, etc.) stored in covered metal receptacles and removed from the worksite promptly?

[ ] Is proper storage practiced

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